A Preliminary Report
This research is an attempt to assess the situation of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) in Nepal. It provides a general overview of the situation of CSEC in Nepal with some primary information which can be potentially valuable in terms of defining more detailed research and even programmatic interventions in the country.
The findings from the research appreciate the complexities inherent in CSEC. All manifestations of CSEC are invariably interlinked: child marriage is often a means adopted to traffic young children for prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation while child trafficking in itself is a mechanism through which children are introduced to sexually exploitative activities. Chapter seven of this report presents other examples of these inter linkages and underscores the importance of an inclusive approach that will not only address any form of CSEC in isolation but will take into consideration the complex web in which CSEC occurs.
The study also points out the emerging forms of CSEC, especially among urban youth, whereby such youth engage in sex work to supplement their income to meet the financial pressures of urban life. It also exposes relatively new but potentially dangerous forms of CSEC where all children with access to internet and mobile phones are highly vulnerable to online sexual exploitation. This study has noted in particular the extreme vulnerability of children engaged in street sex work and those working in the entertainment sector to this form of sexual exploitation.