Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children in Nepal
The Office of the Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Women and Children is to conduct activities and studies which help to combat trafficking in women and children. In fulfilling this duty, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has been publishing the National Report on Trafficking in Person, especially Women and Children since 2005 along with recommendations to the GoN. This Report 2011 is the fifth in the sequence.
Utilizing both primary and secondary data, this Report focuses on situation of trafficking in persons in Nepal; nexus of foreign labor migration and trafficking; monitoring of initiatives of anti-trafficking activities and legal framework, law enforcement status and judicial responses to trafficking. The Report reveals that the number of trafficking cases filed in Nepal Police is far lower than the figure often quoted by activist engaged to combat trafficking. However, the scope and nature of human trafficking has widely expanded.
The Report comes to the conclusion that although the GoN introduced National Plan of Action against Trafficking in Persons 2011-2016, National Child Protection Policy 2011, Foreign Employment Policy 2011 including operational guidelines for rehabilitation center, protection and care of victims/survivors of human trafficking and child care homes, the implementation status of these measures is severely lacking. There is also lack of effective monitoring mechanism to ensure the fulfillment of promised measures.